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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Nov 1;180(9):853-60. doi: 10.1164/rccm.200810-1614OC. Epub 2009 Jul 30.

Prevalence and factors of intensive care unit conflicts: the conflicus study.

Collaborators (361)

Azoulay E, Lafabrie A, Schlemmer B, Soares M, Azoulay E, Abizanda R, Svantesson M, Rubulotta F, Rusinova K, Benoit D, Heyland D, Joynt G, Owczuk R, Maia PA, Moreno R, Ricou B, de Vita D, Valentin A, Cohen S, Winter B, Ksomos A, Ho K, Kompan L, Srung CL, BenBenishty J, Abroug F, Kaarlola A, Rubulotta F, Gelarch H, Kyprianou T, Timsit JF, Français A, Bonniot A, Chevret S, Ho K, Bersten A, Blythe D, Ho K, Liang J, English S, Mc Arthur C, Bell J, Valentin A, Filzwieser G, Wernig U, Kliegel A, Janko H, Reiter A, Elliott P, Wolfgang P, Poradek T, Strohmeyer GW, Hipfl J, Firlinger, Benoît B, Vincent JL, Ludovic L, Decock C, Denys D, Anne-Pascale M, Nonneman B, Van Utterbeeck M, Swinnen W, Eerens J, Vanbiervliet P, Vanderveire B, Janssens B, Benoît D, Benoît D, Soares M, da Rocha MG, Dal-Pizzol F, de Carvalho AG, Guimarães HP, de Castro JE, de Castro JE, de Castro JE, de Castro JE, Salluh JI, Dias FS, Visconti Rdos R, Deheinzelin D, Arruda AP, de C Mello PM, Azevedo LC, Lobo SM, Lobo SM, Lobo SM, Westphal GA, Hoher JA, Ribeiro SP, Teles JM, Moritz RD, de Souza PC, de Souza PC, de Souza PC, de Souza PC, de Souza PC, de Souza PC, Bozza FA, Miranda F, Rocco JR, Japiassú AM, Gusman PB, Filho ML, Brandão N, Knibel MF, Knibel MF, Knibel MF, Piras C, Piras C, Piras C, Macedo GL, Coelho CD, Falcão AL, Brilhante YN, Rezegue L, Rezegue L, Silva E, Lucchesi F, Westphal GA, Westphal GA, Filho MC, Ferreira Bda S, Maia Mde O, Maia Mde O, Maia Mde O, Daren H, Bailey J, Rogovein TS, Denny L, Lewis MJ, Richard H, Sheldon M, Dan S, Keenan SP, Wood G, Auld F, Laura H, Cooper AB, Smith O, Dawson P, Smith O, Smith O, Gavin J, Buckley T, Civa A, Young K, Au Yeung KW, Cheng C, Buckley T, Kyprianou T, Ergatoudes P, Constantinou E, Kaarlola A, Azoulay E, Bleichner G, Cohen Y, Paugam C, Capellier G, Wolff M, Du Cheyron D, Descorps-Declère A, Bertrand S, Cariou A, Darmon M, Djibre M, Kaidomar M, Barnoud D, Timsit JF, Rabbat A, Reignier J, Jourdain M, Megarbane B, Mohammedi I, Bollaert PE, Boussat S, Sanchez O, Bonmarchand G, Joly LM, Thuong M, Zeni F, Hayon J, Garrouste-Orgeas M, Fieux F, Castellain V, Georges H, Bruneel F, Galliot R, Annane D, Kouatchet A, Lefrant JY, Mokart D, Das V, Bornstain C, Saulnier F, Cheval C, Payen D, Goldgram-Toledano D, Kouatchet A, Gerlach H, Toussaint S, Steinke E, Zachow G, Freitag A, Metzger M, Hartung HJ, Michalsen A, Akos C, Darvas K, Futó J, Csepregi G, Bede A, Szentkereszty Z, Bogdán Z, Bodnár J, Suto B, Charles S, Julie B, Jonathan C, Farkash N, Remus H, Francesca R, Fumagalli R, Rossi G, Sganga G, Pezzi A, Adembri C, Tulli G, Vivaldi N, Lugano M, Bianchin A, Columbo R, Modano P, Radeschi G, Conti A, Mantovani G, Occhipinti G, Michele I, Mercante D, Giordano D, Garofalo G, Prondi E, Fabbri G, Radoslaw O, Wujtewicz MA, Lango R, Karpel E, Misiołek H, Nestorowicz A, Przesmycki K, Sobczyński P, Mikstacki A, Maciejewski D, Drobnik L, Kusza K, Karwacki Z, Kołacki T, Dończyk A, Wenski W, Bielski J, Kot J, Czajkowska M, Onichimowski D, Sowa-Szpajer J, Skoczylas-Stoba B, Szudzińska A, Moreno R, Maia PA, Almeida E, Esteves F, Faria F, Aguiar AM, Pimentel J, Ferro I, Correia M, Honrado T, Rhodes A, Brnadão JL, Mota A, Lidija K, Pareznik R, Kozjek-Rotovnik N, Esteban A, Ricardo A, Cabré L, Roca J, Baigorri F, Romero JM, Camps VL, Delgado MC, Zarallo AR, Guardiola F, Monzon JL, Urionabarrenetxea KM, Fernandez PR, Duran JS, Palencia E, Martin SM, Galdos, Jiménez AG, Svantesson M, Tegsten U, Svantesson M, Nilsson M, Glimelius-Petersson C, Forsgren L, Hollman G, Hollman G, Eriksson SL, Sjöberg M, Yttergren K, Bäckman C, Lindbladh-Fridh M, Martinsson L, Hollman G, Svantesson M, Bengtsson EM, Bogmark E, Ricou B, Maggiorini M, Michot M, Barandun U, Zender H, Eggimann P, Souheil E, Mounir B, Abroug F, Messadi A, Simon C, Brian C, Bob W, Jeremy B, McQuillan PJ, Paul R, Pinsky MR, Marion D, Sulmasy D, Nenic SDj, Manjuck J, Moine P, Pelnar P, Rocen M, Cerny V, Berlinger G, Herold I, Tretina J, Marek O, Sevcik P, Krejci M, Janda R, Zykova I, Fortova M, Kopelent P, Dostalova V, Stritezsky M, Jahoda J, Zdenka K, Nalos D, Brezina A, Aquilina A.

Author information

  • 1AP-HP, Hôpital Saint-Louis, Medical ICU, University Paris-7 Paris-Diderot, UFR de Médecine, 1 avenue Claude Vellefaux, 75010 Paris, France. elie.azoulay@sls.ap-hop-paris.fr

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Many sources of conflict exist in intensive care units (ICUs). Few studies recorded the prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors for conflicts in ICUs.

OBJECTIVES:

To record the prevalence, characteristics, and risk factors for conflicts in ICUs.

METHODS:

One-day cross-sectional survey of ICU clinicians. Data on perceived conflicts in the week before the survey day were obtained from 7,498 ICU staff members (323 ICUs in 24 countries).

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Conflicts were perceived by 5,268 (71.6%) respondents. Nurse-physician conflicts were the most common (32.6%), followed by conflicts among nurses (27.3%) and staff-relative conflicts (26.6%). The most common conflict-causing behaviors were personal animosity, mistrust, and communication gaps. During end-of-life care, the main sources of perceived conflict were lack of psychological support, absence of staff meetings, and problems with the decision-making process. Conflicts perceived as severe were reported by 3,974 (53%) respondents. Job strain was significantly associated with perceiving conflicts and with greater severity of perceived conflicts. Multivariate analysis identified 15 factors associated with perceived conflicts, of which 6 were potential targets for future intervention: staff working more than 40 h/wk, more than 15 ICU beds, caring for dying patients or providing pre- and postmortem care within the last week, symptom control not ensured jointly by physicians and nurses, and no routine unit-level meetings.

CONCLUSIONS:

Over 70% of ICU workers reported perceived conflicts, which were often considered severe and were significantly associated with job strain. Workload, inadequate communication, and end-of-life care emerged as important potential targets for improvement.

PMID:
19644049
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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