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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2004 Oct;191(4):1430-6.

Reproductive outcomes after pregnancy complicated by maternal-fetal surgery.

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  • 1Pediatric Surgery, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA.



The reproductive outcomes for women after the pregnancy complicated by maternal-fetal surgery were evaluated to obtain evidence-based information for prenatal risk counseling.


The retrospective review identified 83 women with maternal-fetal surgery from a single institution (1996-2002). These women were sent a consent form and a questionnaire to document postoperative problems, fertility, obstetric outcomes, and psychosocial concerns in pregnancy after the index fetal therapy. Institutional Review Board approval was obtained from Committee for Protection of Human Subjects.


The total return rate was 55 (66%). The pregnancy rate was 62% (18% spontaneous abortion, 24% preterm delivery, and 58% term delivery). Complications were reported in 12 of 34 pregnancies (35%), including uterine dehiscence/rupture (12%/6%), cesarean hysterectomy (3%), and antepartum hemorrhage requiring transfusion (9%).


The reproductive outcome of uterine dehiscence, rupture, and hysterectomy was 12%, 6%, and 3%, respectively, after a pregnancy complicated by maternal-fetal surgery. The uterine rupture rate is similar to the rupture rate after "classical" cesarean section (4%-9%).

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