Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Dev Psychol. 2011 Jul;47(4):991-9. doi: 10.1037/a0024011.

Trajectories of cognitive development among American Indian young children.

Author information

  • 1Department of Community and Behavioral Health, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. christina.mitchell@ucdenver.edu

Abstract

Children who begin kindergarten with stronger skills learn faster than do those who enter with lower skills. Minority children tend to enter kindergarten already at a disadvantage, and the gap widens across time. However, little is known about cognitive development among American Indian young children. In this study, 110 American Indian infants from one Northern Plains reservation community were assessed four times between ages 6 months and 36 months, with the Mullen Scales of Early Learning. At 6 months of age, scores were near the national norms; a drop occurred between 6 months and 15 months. Scores then tended to level off below the norms through 36 months. In each domain, we observed a crucial decline over the 1st year of life and relatively little change in the 2nd and 3rd years of life, highlighting the importance of developing culturally syntonic interventions to facilitate cognitive development during the 1st year of life.

PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved

PMID:
21744958
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3137270
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Psychological Association Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk