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J AAPOS. 2011 Oct;15(5):455-61. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2011.06.007.

Stereoacuity in children with anisometropic amblyopia.

Collaborators (622)

Arnold RW, Armitage MD, Brusseau NH, Gindling MV, Lowe KM, Rutstein RP, Anderson ML, Frazier M, Hopkins KT, Marsh-Tootle WL, Weise KK, Baldwin CH, Hill MP, Garjales M, Rhyne TM, Sophocleous S, Walk JM, Wonderling AM, Cotter SA, Barnhardt CN, Chu RH, Edwards LM, Huang K, Shin SM, Nguyen MM, Roberts TL, Song E, Bridgeford RS, Morris JH, Flores YF, Parker SM, Leonhardt TR, Asiain L, Park AH, Ruben JB, Desai D, Ann Parrish S, Bennett EJ, Robbins SL, Granet DB, Castro EF, Lee DH, Caltrider ND, Martinez KA, Busemeyer MM, Schwanz CM, Steele A, Kilpatrick J, Shivley L, Bacal DA, Martin D, Doheny M, Bregman JA, Levada AJ, Walker TL, Abrams MJ, Ingala LJ, Comstock DN, Marcil LA, Rannazzisi NG, Schleif C, Weiss SK, Brassett C, Silva G, Ingala M, Abrams MJ, Blackburn DD, MacDonald PE, Blackburn DD, Matta NS, Sarnecky MA, Wahlig AJ, Tunis T, Greene F, MacDonald PE, Tea YC, Taub MB, Amster DM, Bade A, Friedman LS, Seale KA, Mancino L, Tamkins SM, Perlman AS, Sugg JH, Olivares EM, Oviedo NP, Bailey BD, Garcia M, Georgatos M, Cannon CL, Patsiopoulos G, Hill SE, Rosa AC, Yokoi G, Lilas E, Chow G, Bursey LL, Sou SS, Goga EX, Rosado NY, Robinson C, Lilas E, Exposito Y, Burns CL, Lawrence le IC, Lambert SR, Hutchinson AK, Robb RA, Shainberg MJ, Brown KM, Keech RV, Olson RJ, Ottar Pfeifer WI, Kutschke PJ, Suh DW, Jansen JM, McNeece M, Madsen B, Sipes HK, Swallow A, Walters KS, Andreassen AD, Craig SL, Countryman RJ, Fergus LM, Watkin LJ, Lee KA, Schweinler BR, Beck D, Plum LW, Marshall JN, Schweigert MK, Pang Y, Allison CL, Block SS, Goodfellow GW, Morrissey CM, Feis AE, Schara JL, Davis PL, Hulett KR, Bloomquist CS, Lorenzana IJ, Girgis NM, Ojeda E, Ortiz CI, Banuelos ER, Jimenez SA, Fishman DR, Verderber LC, Spieker J, Ahn S, Lyon DW, Varvel L, Downey JP, Hohenbary CC, Plass DJ, Sutton BM, Warren DF, Gray K, Warren DF, Neely DE, Roberts GJ, Whitaker ME, Bates DJ, Galli JG, Hynes EA, Keenan LK, Sprunger DT, Galli JG, Johnson DA, Whitfill CR, Dannar RD, Wheeler AM, Dagi LR, Tyedmers M, Guanaga DP, Strominger MB, Quinn NB, Agarwal-Batra NN, Chen M, Weissberg EM, Kran BS, Quinn NM, Suckow MA, Donahue JP, Silvia ME, Bazinet CJ, Sousa MF, Branco DP, Laby DM, Laby R, Collins ML, Jensen AA, Flanagan MA, McCarus CL, Maranto DR, Brown JN, Huston PA, Matta NS, Repka MX, Christoff AX, Broome SO, Goodman CR, Liu X, Abdullah HA, Matta NS, Glaser SR, Jensen AA, Aventuro Luck JA, Glaser E, Matazinski AM, Schroyer MD, Glaser PE, Mattingly CE, Addison CY, Gumbin TE, Mason JR, Coussens TL, Emory ME, Sirk KA, Droste PJ, Peters RJ, Hilbrands J, Mooney JL, Rogers SK, Mennega MK, Santure MA, Tillman EK, Vanravenswaay CL, Gail Summers C, Christiansen SP, Bothun ED, Cook SM, Holleschau AM, Downes SJ, Merrill KS, Hogue KM, Lavoie JD, Atkinson S, Hamlet PK, Trythall CL, Hendrickson AB, Cruz OA, Davitt BV, Miyazaki EA, Holmes JM, Mohney BG, Rice ML, Leske DA, Nielsen RA, Sease JM, Karlsson V, Kroening RM, Miller DK, Holmquist JA, Kirsh P, Levisen ML, Priebe DM, Schloff S, Hickson AM, Host VE, Brown AR, Wolf RA, Denise Daffron E, Wallace DK, David Wright J, Parente BA, Compton MW, Petty MR, Sullivan MI, Therese Roberts J, Perez LG, Sullivan MJ, Enyedi LB, Wallace DK, Freedman SF, Jones SK, Headen CW, Robinson MK, Fuller CE, Alan Johnson D, Drake K, Beck JB, Moulton KL, Morse CL, Wheeler MB, Fang CC, Smith LE, Gallaway MF, Bacho A, Killion DL, Goldblum TA, Ramirez A, Alfaro A, Baca R, Jaramillo F, Escobedo CR, Foster RR, Durso F, Calhoun SL, Cohen S, Lacoursiere WX, Smith JN, Kabba IA, Hall LS, Tai KW, Heiser L, Schudel S, Shippman S, Duckman RH, FitzGerald DE, Medow NB, Vricella M, Gearinger MD, Fedick NM, Francis DM, Addams LM, Castillo DA, Tucker DL, Marcotty A, Slaby LA, Roman TM, Samstag CC, Magoon EH, Kannam PA, Ann Earl K, McAtee LA, Andrews M, Hoge CM, Null DA, Richards D, Swartz JA, Kulp MT, Dallas FD, Kitts TL, Stevens NE, Buckland MJ, Earley MJ, Stuntebeck HA, Schlesselman AJ, Hickson A, Toole AJ, Ackerman MA, Hertle RW, Bremer DL, McGregor ML, Rogers GL, Bean CM, Fellows RR, Hill VM, Greene NM, Murray RA, Rhinehart TM, Serna AM, Shenberger LJ, Blackburn JA, King CJ, McKean SE, Roberts NL, Wynn L, Bonsall DJ, West CE, Bowman S, Duncan JL, Lipps DL, Fort SC, Bocklett BL, Burton NM, Carter KM, Dickman LE, Lopper S, Hahn-Parrott LA, Hounchell MM, Kinder KN, Meister DA, Motley WW, Nelson SL, Saltarelli DP, Walsh SR, Perla BD, Hochrein CA, Meyer PR, Zahler DM, Trigler L, Jones DM, Michael Siatkowski R, Hart JS, Ogilbee LM, Dwiggins CJ, Ceresa SL, Jobson JD, Wheeler DT, Stout AU, Beaudet KA, Rauch PK, Joshi AS, London R, Kundart JJ, Silver JL, Bruce CL, Darren RJ, Hoover L, Huston PA, Parker JL, Racan PM, Fuchs BR, Deifel CJ, Addison JM, Sayal JK, Sala NA, Whitling BH, Hodde RM, Zeto VL, Tanner CE, Whitling BH, Boltz ME, Nester PJ, Wilmarth ME, Walter LE, Silbert DI, Singman EL, Blackburn D, Matta NS, Carner SE, Corradino CM, Hosey TJ, Jostes DM, Keene AB, Kelly MA, Kilgore SR, Lindsey MM, Nelson DL, Nelson TL, Ober TM, Piper WL, Weit SL, Wright SR, Butler SM, Musser ST, Crick DR, Gilmore TD, Butler SM, Heisey L, Forbes BJ, Mills MD, Quinn GE, Taylor TA, Huebner A, Ehnbom ML, Maniscalco MC, News MA, Phillips DR, Zhu S, Scheiman MM, Bailey JA, Zinzer KT, Pollack KE, Grossman AM, Campbell KD, Hochreiter R, Gallaway MF, Lynch NI, Yamada T, Scombordi BJ, Hertle RW, King CJ, Caterino RX, Nosel ER, Anderson KK, Lorenzana IJ, Moran LC, Skierczynski SM, Lievens CW, Sparks BI, Karkkainen TR, Ghazi Birry H, Robbins Tien D, Bulan GE, Christ HC, DeWaele LB, Donahue JP, Corrente MA, Darpino RL, Reale P, Waterman NL, Bazinet CJ, Silvia ME, Garcia CJ, Sousa MF, Donahue S, Morrison DG, Kehler LA, Kinder KM, Fraine LA, Taylor-Ward GB, Franklin CC, Palmer NJ, Owings SA, Biernacki RJ, Martin JM, Mofiled GG, Stager DR, Stager DR, Berry PM, Alters MK, Whalen JA, Felius J, Gartlir JM, Hammett ER, Morale SE, Gartlir JM, Parker LF, Perez AB, Weakley DR, Dias CL, Dias CL, Birch EE, Cheng CS, Felius J, Morale SE, Manny RE, Fern KD, Solis GG, Hentz L, Paysse EA, Coats DK, Yen KG, Fulton ML, Castanes MS, Jamerson LS, Sanchez AD, Louise Thomas M, Petersen DB, Sylvester KL, McMurtrey J, Dries DC, Larson SA, Crouch ER Jr, Crouch ER 3rd, Ruark KD, Ventura GG, Carlton M, Bradfield YS, France TD, Soderling BH, Soderling ED, Pohlman AJ, Anderson KA, Morton GV, Shimko JW, Kivlin JD, Ruttum MS, Picard VR, Willett ML, Klimek DL, Ford ML, Greenlee BL, Sigmon CA, Winter LL, Brandon DK, Clay DL, Astle WF, Echeverri P, Ells AL, Hill VE, Peddie HJ, Beer TL, Hayduk CR, Ingram AD, Kerr CI, Vibert HM, McMullen SM, Gillis CD, Kraker RT, Beck RW, Brito Y, Cagnina-Morales CM, Cagnina DA, Chandler DL, Clark LE, Costa C, Diamond ER, Donahue Q, Fimbel BP, Foster NC, Lazar EL, Lee SV, Anne Lester L, Michele Melia B, Moke PS, Rojas DE, Everett DF, Holmes JM, Repka MX, Birch EE, Everett DF, Lazar EL, Kraker RT, Cotter SA, Wallace DK, Repka X, Fellows RR, Ventura G, Verderber L, Holmes JM, Beck RW, Birch E, Everett D, Kraker R, Repka MX, Cotter SA, Wallace DK, Petersen D, Enyedi L, Hoover D, Rogers L, Miller A, Jackson J, Ticho B, Kulp MT.

Author information

  • 1Duke University Eye Center, Durham, NC, USA. pedig@jaeb.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine factors associated with pretreatment and posttreatment stereoacuity in subjects with moderate anisometropic amblyopia.

METHODS:

Data for subjects enrolled in seven studies conducted by the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group were pooled. The sample included 633 subjects aged 3 to <18 years with anisometropic amblyopia, no heterotropia observed by cover test, and baseline amblyopic eye acuity of 20/100 or better. A subset included 248 subjects who were treated with patching or Bangerter filters and had stereoacuity testing at both the baseline and outcome examinations. Multivariate regression models identified factors associated with baseline stereoacuity and with outcome stereoacuity as measured by the Randot Preschool Stereoacuity test.

RESULTS:

Better baseline stereoacuity was associated with better baseline amblyopic eye acuity (P < 0.001), less anisometropia (P = 0.03), and anisometropia due to astigmatism alone (P < 0.001). Better outcome stereoacuity was associated with better baseline stereoacuity (P < 0.001) and better amblyopic eye acuity at outcome (P < 0.001). Among 48 subjects whose amblyopic eye visual acuity at outcome was 20/25 or better and within one line of the fellow eye, stereoacuity was worse than that of children with normal vision of the same age.

CONCLUSIONS:

In children with anisometropic amblyopia of 20/40 to 20/100 inclusive, better posttreatment stereoacuity is associated with better baseline stereoacuity and better posttreatment amblyopic eye acuity. Even if their visual acuity deficit resolves, many children with anisometropic amblyopia have stereoacuity worse than that of nonamblyopic children of the same age.

Copyright © 2011 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22108357
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3223370
Free PMC Article

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