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Pediatrics. 2012 May;129(5):e1311-9. doi: 10.1542/peds.2011-2903. Epub 2012 Apr 9.

Developing the 2011 Integrated Pediatric Guidelines for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction.

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  • 1Nemours Cardiac Center, A. I. DuPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, Delaware 19803, USA.


This article reviews aspects of development of the recently released "Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents" for pediatric care providers that remain in the area of human judgment. Discussed will be the context in which the guidelines were developed, the formal evidence review process, a consideration of how quality grades were established, key social/ethical issues that the panel confronted, and a critique of the final work with recommendations for future guideline development. Lessons learned are that both a formal evidence review process is essential to developing a credible document, and human judgment is critical to producing a meaningful result. Guideline development is a dynamic process that must be continuously self-critical as new evidence is acquired and sociopolitical and environmental contexts evolve.

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