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Pathol Res Pract. 2008;204(8):527-36. doi: 10.1016/j.prp.2008.01.002. Epub 2008 May 6.

Cyclooxygenase-2 expression and its association with angiogenesis, Helicobacter pylori, and clinicopathologic characteristics of gastric carcinoma.

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  • 1Department of Medical Oncology, Gazi University Medical School, Ankara, Turkey.


Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is upregulated in gastric carcinoma, and its increased levels were found to have a prognostic significance in some studies. Both angiogenesis and Helicobacter pylori infection have been reported to be associated with COX-2 expression of gastric cancer in recent studies. In this study, COX-2 expression and its association with CD31 staining, H.-pylori infection, and well-known clinicopathological factors were investigated in 65 gastric cancer patients. COX-2 and CD31 expression assessment was done by immunohistochemical methods. Whartin Starry stain was performed for H.-pylori infection. Of 65 patients, 32 (49%) revealed intense COX-2 immunostaining. Among various clinicopathologic characteristics, COX-2 expression was inversely correlated with tumor size, TNM stage, and lymph node status. Thirty-two (49%) patients revealed intense CD31 immunostaining. Among various clinicopathologic characteristics, CD31 expression was associated only with lymph node metastasis. COX-2 expression was not correlated with CD31 staining and H.-pylori infection. Both COX-2 and CD31 staining had no prognostic significance. In conclusion, we found that COX-2 expression was significantly higher in earlier stages of gastric cancer. It can be suggested that COX-2 expression may be important in the initial development of gastric cancer but not in progression of the disease. Other factors which may be associated with COX-2 in gastric cancer, including angiogenesis and H.-pylori infection, should be investigated in further studies.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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