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Am J Addict. 2002 Winter;11(1):66-74.

The pharmacokinetics of methadone following co-administration with a lamivudine/zidovudine combination tablet in opiate-dependent subjects.

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  • 1Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn, USA.


Methadone pharmacokinetics were determined in an open-label, within subject study in 16 methadone-maintained, non-HIV-infected subjects prior to and following administration of one lamivudine 150-mg/zidovudine 300-mg combination tablet to determine whether this antiretroviral therapy alters methadone serum concentrations. No significant differences in the mean area under the serum concentration-time curve (AUC(0-24h); 8,753 +/- 4,280 vs. 8,641 +/- 4,431 microg-h/L),oralclearance(CL/F;9.9 +/- 4.9vs. 10.3 +/- 5.5 L/h),oral volume of distribution (Vd/F; 647 +/- 465 vs. 481 +/- 305 L), maximum serum concentration (Cmax; 514 +/- 223 vs. 5,510 +/- 237 microg/L), or terminal elimination half-life (t 1/2; 55.3 +/- 61.0 vs. 35.0 +/- 17.5 h) were detected. These results suggest that methadone dose change is not likely to be necessary for patients treated with lamivudine/zidovudine combination pharmacotherapy.

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