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Theor Popul Biol. 1999 Feb;55(1):94-109.

Dynamics of co-infection with M. Tuberculosis and HIV-1.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Michigan Medical School, 6730 Medical Science Building II, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109-0620, USA.


Since 1985, there has been a renewed epidemic of tuberculosis (TB) that was previously thought to be in check. There is evidence to believe the main factor for this resurgence has been the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Co-infection with HIV and M. Tuberculosis has profound implications for the course of both diseases. This study represents a first attempt to understand how the introduction of an opportunistic infection, namely Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacteria that causes TB, affects the dynamic interaction of HIV-1 and the immune system. We create a mathematical model using ordinary differential equations to describe the interaction of HIV and TB with the immune system. It is known that infection with TB can decrease the CD4(+) T cell counts-a key marker of AIDS progression; thus, it shortens survival in HIV infected individuals. Another main marker for HIV progression is the viral load. If this load is increased due to the presence of opportunistic infections, the disease progression is much more rapid. We also explore the effects of drug treatment on the TB infection in the doubly-infected patient.

Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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