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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Jun 23;95(13):7731-6.

Prominence of the dopamine D2 short isoform in dopaminergic pathways.

Author information

  • 1Section of Neurobiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA. zkhan@kafka.med.yale.edu

Abstract

As a result of alternative splicing, the D2 gene of the dopamine receptor family exists in two isoforms. The D2 long is characterized by the insertion of 29 amino acids in the third cytoplasmic loop, which is absent in the short isoform. We have produced subtype-specific antibodies against both the D2 short and D2 long isoforms and found a unique compartmentalization between these two isoforms in the primate brain. The D2 short predominates in the cell bodies and projection axons of the dopaminergic cell groups of the mesencephalon and hypothalamus, whereas the D2 long is more strongly expressed by neurons in the striatum and nucleus accumbens, structures targeted by dopaminergic fibers. These results show that the splice variants of the dopamine D2 receptor are differentially distributed and possess distinct functions. The strategic localization of the D2 short isoform in dopaminergic cell bodies and axons strongly suggests that this isoform is the likely dopamine autoreceptor, whereas the D2 long isoform is primarily a postsynaptic receptor.

PMID:
9636219
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC22740
Free PMC Article
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