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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1998 Mar 4;1396(1):57-66.

Utilization of an 86 bp exon generates a novel adducin isoform (beta 4) lacking the MARCKS homology domain.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.

Abstract

A novel isoform of beta-adducin has been amplified and characterized from a human bone marrow cDNA library (GenBank #U43959). This isoform arises from the insertion of an 86 bp alternatively spliced and previously unrecognized exon (now termed exon 15) within codon 581 of the human red blood cell beta-adducin sequence. This results in an insertion of 28 novel amino acids. The remainder of the red cell beta-adducin mRNA is then translated in a different reading frame, adding an additional 35 novel amino acids prior to the stop codon. This new isoform, thus, replaces beta 1-adducin sequence after residue 580 with a total of 63 new amino acids. Sequences from genomic clones of the human beta-adducin gene show that this alternate exon is flanked by splice consensus sequences and is appropriately located in the genomic map between exons encoding up-stream and down-stream sequences, thus defining a new exon. The COOH-terminus of this new isoform, which we designate beta 4, lacks a 22 amino acid lysine-rich sequence common to both the human red cell alpha- and beta-adducin subunits and homologous to a highly conserved region in MARCKS, a filamentous actin-cross linking protein regulated by protein kinase C and calcium/calmodulin. beta 4-adducin preserves a previously identified calmodulin binding domain. PCR analysis indicates that this new beta-adducin isoform is expressed in fetal brain and liver, bone marrow, and NT-2 (neuroepithelial) cells, but is not detected in several other tissues. We anticipate that this new beta 4 isoform of beta-adducin will display unique and tissue-specific functional properties.

PMID:
9524222
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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