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Mol Biol Cell. 2014 Oct 1;25(19):3028-36. doi: 10.1091/mbc.E14-04-0931. Epub 2014 Aug 7.

The Golgi ribbon structure facilitates anterograde transport of large cargoes.

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  • 1Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520
  • 2Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520.


In mammalian cells, individual Golgi stacks fuse laterally to form the characteristic perinuclear ribbon structure. Yet the purpose of this remarkable structure has been an enigma. We report that breaking down the ribbon of mammalian cells strongly inhibits intra-Golgi transport of large cargoes without altering the rate of transport of smaller cargoes. In addition, insect cells that naturally harbor dispersed Golgi stacks have limited capacity to transport artificial oversized cargoes. These results imply that the ribbon structure is an essential requirement for transport of large cargoes in mammalian cells, and we suggest that this is because it enables the dilated rims of cisternae (containing the aggregates) to move across the stack as they transfer among adjacent stacks within the ribbon structure.

© 2014 Lavieu et al. This article is distributed by The American Society for Cell Biology under license from the author(s). Two months after publication it is available to the public under an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike 3.0 Unported Creative Commons License (

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