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Diabetes Educ. 2014 Sep-Oct;40(5):659-67. doi: 10.1177/0145721714535990. Epub 2014 May 27.

Check it! A randomized pilot of a positive psychology intervention to improve adherence in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA (Prof Jaser, Ms Patel)Center for Health Services Research, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennesse, USA (Dr Rothman)Department of Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennesse, USA (Dr Choi)Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA (Dr Whittemore) sarah.jaser@vanderbilt.edu.
  • 2Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA (Prof Jaser, Ms Patel)Center for Health Services Research, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennesse, USA (Dr Rothman)Department of Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennesse, USA (Dr Choi)Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA (Dr Whittemore).

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of the current study was to pilot-test a positive psychology intervention to improve adherence to diabetes management in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

METHODS:

A total of 39 adolescents (ages, 13-17 years) with type 1 diabetes and their caregivers were randomized to a positive psychology intervention (n = 20) or an attention control (education) intervention (n = 19). The intervention condition used positive psychology exercises (eg, gratitude, self-affirmation), small gifts, and parent affirmations to boost positive affect. Outcomes included frequency of blood glucose monitoring, quality of life, and glycemic control.

RESULTS:

No main effects for treatment were observed at the 6-month follow-up. However, there was a significant association between adolescents' levels of positive affect and measures of adherence, including self-report and meter downloads of glucose monitoring.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results from the current study support the assertion that positive affect in the context of diabetes education is an important factor to consider in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

© 2014 The Author(s).

PMID:
24867917
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC4283584
[Available on 2015-09-01]
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