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J Clin Psychol. 2014 Oct;70(10):1008-21. doi: 10.1002/jclp.22100. Epub 2014 Apr 19.

Elucidating posttraumatic stress symptom profiles and their correlates among women experiencing bidirectional intimate partner violence.

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  • 1Yale University School of Medicine.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study employed latent class analysis to identify profiles of women experiencing intimate partner violence (IPV) based on the severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.

METHOD:

Self-report data from a sample of 369 women experiencing bidirectional IPV was used.

RESULTS:

A 3-class solution comprising low, moderate, and high PTSD severity profiles best fit the data. Profiles were differentially related to whether IPV victimization was considered traumatic (PTSD criterion A); whether functioning was impaired as a result of PTSD symptoms (PTSD criterion F); whether the woman met full diagnostic criteria for PTSD; depression symptom severity; and severity of psychological, physical, and sexual IPV victimization and use of IPV. An extremely high percentage of women in the high (96%) and moderate (88%) severity classes experienced functional impairment, although many did not meet full diagnostic criteria for PTSD.

CONCLUSIONS:

Findings support the need for interventions individually tailored to one's treatment needs based on the nature of one's traumatic stressor and the impact of PTSD on daily functioning.

© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

PTSD; domestic violence; intimate partner violence; substance use, depression; traumatic stress; women's aggression

PMID:
24752965
[PubMed - in process]
PMCID:
PMC4280565
[Available on 2015-10-01]
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