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Can Assoc Radiol J. 2015 Feb;66(1):5-15. doi: 10.1016/j.carj.2013.09.003. Epub 2014 Apr 13.

A tour of the thymus: a review of thymic lesions with radiologic and pathologic correlation.

Author information

  • 1Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Electronic address: alan.goldstein@yale.edu.
  • 2Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.
  • 3Department of Pathology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Abstract

The thymus is routinely encountered on cross-sectional imaging studies of the chest. It has a variable appearance, undergoes dynamic changes during periods of stress, and demonstrates numerous different pathologic lesions. Understanding the imaging characteristics of these different lesions facilitates accurate radiographic diagnosis and can prevent unnecessary follow-up imaging and intervention. This article will review normal thymic anatomy and development, thymic hyperplasia and associated medical conditions, and the imaging and pathologic features of various benign and malignant thymic lesions.

Copyright © 2015 Canadian Association of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Thymic lesion; Thymic mass; Thymic tumour; Thymus

PMID:
24736228
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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