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Neuroendocrinology. 1988 Dec;48(6):591-602.

Catecholaminergic innervation of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone and glutamic acid decarboxylase immunopositive neurons in the rat medial preoptic area. An electron-microscopic double immunostaining and degeneration study.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Yale University, School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.

Abstract

Catecholaminergic innervation of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) immunoreactive neurons in the rat medial preoptic area (MPO) was studied using electron-microscopic (EM) double-label immunostaining and combinations of single- and double-label immunostaining with acute axonal degeneration. The EM double-immunostaining experiments included double staining for either tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and LHRH, or TH and GAD. Analysis of TH and LHRH double-immunostained material revealed synaptic connections between TH immunoreactive axons and LHRH immunopositive neurons. The TH and GAD double-staining experiments also demonstrated synaptic connections between axons immunoreactive for TH and GAD immunopositive neurons. Two days following unilateral surgical transection of the ventral and dorsal noradrenergic bundles, synaptic connections were found between degenerated boutons and GAD immunoreactive neurons in the ipsilateral MPO. However, no synapses could be observed in the same area between degenerated axons and the LHRH immunopositive neurons. Following the same operation and immunostaining for TH, a moderate number of degenerating TH axons as well as a large number of nondegenerated TH immunoreactive boutons were observed. Double immunostaining for TH and GAD in MPO sections ipsilateral to the operation revealed synaptic connections between the degenerating TH immunopositive axons and GAD immunoreactive neurons. These results suggest that there are direct synaptic connections between catecholaminergic axons and GAD and LHRH immunoreactive neurons in the medial preoptic area of the rat. Some of the connections between TH immunopositive afferents and GAD immunoreactive neurons may represent connections from noradrenergic neurons in the brain stem, while the majority of TH-GAD and TH-LHRH connections may represent innervation of GABA and LHRH neurons from local dopamine-containing cells.

PMID:
2471942
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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