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Am J Health Behav. 2014 Jul;38(4):577-85. doi: 10.5993/AJHB.38.4.11.

Smoking initiation after marriage and parenting among Black and White women.

Author information

  • 1Yale University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, New Haven, CT, USA. azure.thompson@yale.edu.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To examine the hypothesis that Black-White differences in smoking initiation after transitions into marriage and/or parenting is associated with racial disparities in quitting.

METHODS:

Cox models were used on data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Young Women, a cohort of women surveyed from 1968-2003.

RESULTS:

Black women (58%) were more likely than white women (40%) to initiate after marriage and/or parenting. Adjustment for these differences did not reduce disparities in quitting (HR 0.53, CI 0.30-0.95). Only after adjustment for sociodemographics were disparities reduced (HR 0.67, HR 0.36-1.22).

CONCLUSIONS:

Other factors associated with smoking initiation among young adult black women (ie, limited economic opportunities, racial discrimination) should be examined for their influence on quitting.

PMID:
24636120
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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