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Addict Behav. 2014 May;39(5):879-84. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.01.008. Epub 2014 Feb 5.

Personality and alcohol-related outcomes among mandated college students: descriptive norms, injunctive norms, and college-related alcohol beliefs as mediators.

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  • 1Center on Alcoholism, Substance Abuse, and Addictions, University of New Mexico, 2650 Yale Boulevard, SE, MSC11-6280, Albuquerque, NM 87106, United States. Electronic address:
  • 2Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Mail Code A210, 600 Centerview Drive, Hershey, PA 17033, United States.


The present study examined three alcohol-perception variables (descriptive norms, injunctive norms, and college-related alcohol beliefs) as mediators of the predictive effects of four personality traits (impulsivity, sensation seeking, anxiety sensitivity, and hopelessness) on alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences in a sample of mandated college students (n=875). Our findings replicated several findings of a previous study of incoming freshman college students (Hustad et al., in press) in that impulsivity and hopelessness had direct effects on alcohol-related problems, sensation seeking and impulsivity had indirect effects on alcohol-related outcomes via college-related alcohol beliefs, and college-related alcohol beliefs predicted both alcohol use and alcohol-related problems. We discuss the implications of our findings for global college student interventions as well as personality-targeted interventions.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Alcohol beliefs; Alcohol use; Descriptive norms; Injunctive norms; Mandated college students; Personality

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