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Clin Podiatr Med Surg. 2014 Jan;31(1):173-85. doi: 10.1016/j.cpm.2013.09.008.

Prosthetic options available for the diabetic lower limb amputee.

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  • 1Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06510, USA.


Although the rate of lower limb amputation in patients with diabetes is decreasing, amputation still remains a major complication of diabetes. Prosthetics have been long used to help amputees ambulate. The last decade has seen many advances in prostheses with the enhanced understanding of the mechanics of ambulation and improved use of technology. This review describes the different types of prosthetic options available for below knee, ankle, and foot amputees, emphasizing the latest advances in prosthetic design.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Lower limb prosthesis; Power knee; Proprio foot; Prosthetic feet; Prosthetic knee; Recent advances in prosthesis; iWALK

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