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Cell Metab. 2014 Jan 7;19(1):8-20. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2013.10.003. Epub 2013 Nov 14.

Weighing in on adipocyte precursors.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
  • 2Department of Cell Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.
  • 3Department of Molecular, Cell and Developmental Biology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; Section of Comparative Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; Yale Stem Cell Center, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. Electronic address: matthew.rodeheffer@yale.edu.

Abstract

Obesity, defined as an excessive increase in white adipose tissue (WAT), is a global health epidemic. In obesity, WAT expands by increased adipocyte size (hypertrophy) and number (hyperplasia). The location and cellular mechanisms of WAT expansion greatly affect the pathogenesis of obesity. However, the cellular and molecular mechanisms regulating adipocyte size, number, and depot-dependent expansion in vivo remain largely unknown. This perspective summarizes previous work addressing adipocyte number in development and obesity and discusses recent advances in the methodologies, genetic tools, and characterization of in vivo adipocyte precursor cells allowing for directed study of hyperplastic WAT growth in vivo.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
24239569
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3947170
Free PMC Article
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