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Psychiatry Res. 2013 Dec 30;210(3):1071-8. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2013.10.005. Epub 2013 Oct 18.

Differences in gambling problem severity and gambling and health/functioning characteristics among Asian-American and Caucasian high-school students.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States. Electronic address: grace.kong@yale.edu.

Abstract

Studies of Asian-American adults have found high estimates of problematic gambling. However, little is known about gambling behaviors and associated measures among Asian-American adolescents. This study examined gambling perceptions and behaviors and health/functioning characteristics stratified by problem-gambling severity and Asian-American and Caucasian race using cross-sectional survey data of 121 Asian-American and 1659 Caucasian high-school students. Asian-American and Caucasian adolescents significantly differed on problem-gambling severity, with Asian-American adolescents more often reporting not gambling (24.8% vs. 16.4%), but when they did report gambling, they showed higher levels of at-risk/problem gambling (30.6% vs. 26.4%). Parental approval or disapproval of adolescent gambling also significantly differed between races, with Asian-American adolescents more likely to perceive both parental disapproval (50.0% vs. 38.2%) and approval (19.3% vs. 9.6%) of gambling. Asian-American adolescents were also more likely to express concern about gambling among close family members (25.2% vs. 11.6%). Among Asian-American adolescents, stronger associations were observed between at-risk/problem gambling and smoking cigarettes (interaction odds ratio=12.6). In summary, differences in problem-gambling severity and gambling perceptions indicate possible cultural differences in familial attitudes towards gambling. Stronger links between cigarette smoking and risky/problematic gambling amongst Asian-American adolescents suggest that prevention and treatment efforts targeting youth addictions consider cultural differences.

© 2013 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescence; Asian American; Family; Gambling

PMID:
24183532
[PubMed - in process]
PMCID:
PMC3869524
Free PMC Article
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