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J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2013 Aug;28 Suppl 1:61-7. doi: 10.1111/jgh.12018.

Sterile inflammation in the liver and pancreas.

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  • 1Section of Digestive Diseases, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.


The ability of tissue injury to result in inflammation is a well-recognized phenomenon and is central to a number of common liver and pancreatic diseases including alcoholic steatohepatitis and pancreatitis, as well as drug-induced liver injury, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, and pancreatitis from other causes. The requirements of extracellular damage-associated molecules and a cytosolic machinery labeled the inflammasome have been established in in vitro culture systems and in vivo disease models. This has provided a generic insight into the pathways involved, and the challenge now is to understand the specifics of these mechanisms in relation to the particular insults and organs involved. One reason for the excitement in this field is that a number of therapeutic candidates such a toll-like receptor antagonists and interleukin-1R antagonists are either approved or in clinical trials for other indications.

© 2013 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.


TOLL receptors; alcoholic steatohepatitis; damage associated moeleular patterns; inflammasome; inflammation; non-alcoholic steatohepatitis; sterile

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