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Am J Public Health. 2013 Aug;103(8):e59-65. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.301112. Epub 2013 Jun 13.

Undertreatment of tobacco use relative to other chronic conditions.

Author information

  • 1Yale Department of Emergency Medicine, 464 Congress Avenue, Suite 260, New Haven, CT 06519, USA. steven.bernstein@yale.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We compared the likelihood that a tobacco user would receive treatment with the likelihood that an adult with another common chronic condition would receive treatment for that condition at an office visit.

METHODS:

We analyzed data from the 2005-2007 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey to compare the proportion of US office visits at which tobacco users and individuals with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, asthma, or depression received condition-specific treatment. We calculated the odds that a visit for a comparison condition would result in treatment relative to a visit for tobacco dependence.

RESULTS:

From 2005 to 2007, 38, 004 patient visits involved at least 1 study condition. Tobacco users received medication at fewer visits (4.4%) than individuals with hypertension (57.4%), diabetes (46.2%), hyperlipidemia (47.1%), asthma (42.6%), and depression (53.3%). In multivariate analyses, the odds for pharmacological treatment of these disorders relative to tobacco use were, for hypertension, 32.8; diabetes, 20.9; hyperlipidemia, 16.5; asthma, 22.1; and depression, 24.0 (all Ps < .001). Patients with hypertension, diabetes, or hyperlipidemia were also more likely to receive behavioral counseling.

CONCLUSIONS:

Alternate models of engagement may be needed to enhance use of effective treatments for tobacco use.

PMID:
23763395
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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