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J Pediatr Urol. 2013 Dec;9(6 Pt B):1006-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jpurol.2013.01.015. Epub 2013 Mar 11.

Introducing the HOPE (Hypospadias Objective Penile Evaluation)-score: a validation study of an objective scoring system for evaluating cosmetic appearance in hypospadias patients.

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  • 1Division Pediatric Urology, Sophia Children's Hospital, Erasmus Medical Center, P.O. Box 2060, 3000 CB Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Electronic address: f.vandertoorn.1@erasmusmc.nl.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the reliability and internal validity of the Hypospadias Objective Penile Evaluation (HOPE)-score, a newly developed scoring system assessing the cosmetic outcome in hypospadias.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The HOPE scoring system incorporates all surgically-correctable items: position of meatus, shape of meatus, shape of glans, shape of penile skin and penile axis. Objectivity was established with standardized photographs, anonymously coded patients, independent assessment by a panel, standards for a "normal" penile appearance, reference pictures and assessment of the degree of abnormality. A panel of 13 pediatric urologists completed 2 questionnaires, each consisting of 45 series of photographs, at an interval of at least 1 week. The inter-observer reliability, intra-observer reliability and internal validity were analyzed.

RESULTS:

The correlation coefficients for the HOPE-score were as follows: intra-observer reliability 0.817, inter-observer reliability 0.790, "non-parametric" internal validity 0.849 and "parametric" internal validity 0.842. These values reflect good reproducibility, sufficient agreement among observers and a valid measurement of differences and similarities in cosmetic appearance.

CONCLUSIONS:

The HOPE-score is the first scoring system that fulfills the criteria of a valid measurement tool: objectivity, reliability and validity. These favorable properties support its use as an objective outcome measure of the cosmetic result after hypospadias surgery.

Copyright © 2013 Journal of Pediatric Urology Company. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Hypospadias; Outcome assessment; Scoring system; Surgery

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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