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J Clin Psychol. 2013 Sep;69(9):903-11. doi: 10.1002/jclp.21969. Epub 2013 Mar 4.

Borderline personality features and harmful dysregulated behavior: the mediational effect of mindfulness.

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  • 1John Jay College/City University of New York, NY 10019, USA. pegwupp@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The current preliminary study investigated whether deficits in mindfulness (awareness, attentiveness, and acceptance of the present experience) may underlie the relationship of borderline personality disorder (BPD) features to self-injury and overall acts of harmful dysregulated behavior.

METHOD:

Nonparametric bootstrapping procedures were used to examine theoretical relationships among variables in a psychiatric sample of adults (N = 70). Participants were asked to imagine themselves in distress-inducing situations and then write what they would actually do to decrease distress in such situations.

RESULTS:

As hypothesized, mindfulness statistically mediated the relationship of BPD features to reported acts of (a) self-injury and (b) overall harmful dysregulated behaviors.

CONCLUSIONS:

Difficulties in the ability to be aware, attentive, and accepting of ongoing experience may play a role in the relationship of BPD features to harmful dysregulated behaviors. Future research should clarify potential reciprocal effects between BPD features and mindfulness with prospective, multioccasion designs.

© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

borderline personality; dysregulation; impulsivity; mindfulness; self-injury; substance

PMID:
23460412
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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