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Dalton Trans. 2013 Mar 14;42(10):3617-22. doi: 10.1039/c2dt32326e. Epub 2013 Jan 4.

Effects of aqueous buffers on electrocatalytic water oxidation with an iridium oxide material electrodeposited in thin layers from an organometallic precursor.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry, Yale University, PO Box 208107, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8107, USA.


A thin layer of an amorphous, mixed-valence iridium oxide (electrodeposited from an organometallic precursor, [Cp*Ir(H(2)O)(3)](2+)) is a heterogeneous catalyst among the most active and stable currently available for electrochemical water oxidation. We show that buffers can improve the oxygen-evolution activity of such thin-layer catalysts near neutral pH, but that buffer identity and concentration, as well as the solution pH, remain key determinants of long-term electrocatalyst activity and stability; for example, phosphate buffer can reduce the overpotential by up to 173 mV.

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