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Dev Dyn. 2013 Feb;242(2):122-31. doi: 10.1002/dvdy.23909. Epub 2013 Jan 7.

Segmental assembly of fibronectin matrix requires rap1b and integrin α5.

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  • 1Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

During segmentation of the zebrafish embryo, inside-out signaling activates Integrin α5, which is necessary for somite border morphogenesis. The direct activator of Integrin α5 during this process is unknown. One candidate is Rap1b, a small monomeric GTPase implicated in Integrin activation in the immune system.

RESULTS:

Knockdown of rap1b, or overexpression of a dominant negative rap1b, causes a mild axis elongation defect in zebrafish. However, disruption of rap1b function in integrin α5(-/-) mutants results in a strong reduction in Fibronectin (FN) matrix assembly in the paraxial mesoderm and a failure in somite border morphogenesis along the entire anterior-posterior axis. Somite patterning appears unaffected, as her1 oscillations are maintained in single and double morphants/mutants, but somite polarity is gradually lost in itgα5(-/-) ; rap1b MO embryos.

CONCLUSIONS:

In itgα5(-) (/) (-) mutants, rap1b is required for proper somite border morphogenesis in zebrafish. The loss of somite borders is not a result of aberrant segmental patterning. Rather, somite boundary formation initiates but is not completed, due to the failure to assemble FN matrix along the nascent boundary. We propose a model in which Rap1b activates Integrin/Fibronectin receptors as part of an "inside-out" signaling pathway that promotes Integrin binding to FN, FN matrix assembly, and subsequent stabilization of morphological somite boundaries.

Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID:
23192979
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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