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J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2013 Jan;24(1):43-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jvir.2012.09.025. Epub 2012 Nov 22.

Fluoroscopic-guided approaches to radiofrequency vein ablation.

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  • 1Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Yale New Haven Hospital, Saint Raphael Campus, New Haven, CT 06511, USA.



Ultrasound-guided antegrade access during endovenous lower-extremity vein ablation may be problematic. This study describes fluoroscopic-guided retrograde access to the target veins in cases in which antegrade access proved unfeasible.


The retrograde technique was used to treat a total of 38 legs in 33 patients in whom antegrade access failed. This approach was selected because of small caliber or spasm of the proximal (ie, lower) great saphenous vein (GSV; n = 22), proximal (ie, lower) GSV spasm during access (n = 2), previous incomplete vein ablation (n = 7), skin disease over the proximal GSV (n = 6), and tortuous proximal GSV anatomy (n = 1). Thirty-two legs were treated with an ipsilateral retrograde approach and six were treated with a contralateral retrograde approach. Radiofrequency ablation with or without sclerotherapy was then performed.


The technical success rate for retrograde access and subsequent ablation was 100%. No procedural complications occurred. At 1 month, five patients with active ulcers exhibited ulcer healing (100%).


The fluoroscopic retrograde approach can be used to treat GSV reflux when traditional antegrade access is not feasible.

Copyright © 2013 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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