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Eur Radiol. 2012 Oct;22(10):2201-10. doi: 10.1007/s00330-012-2475-5. Epub 2012 Jun 3.

Prediction of prostate cancer extracapsular extension with high spatial resolution dynamic contrast-enhanced 3-T MRI.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.



To assess the value of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) combined with T2-weighted (T2W) endorectal coil (ERC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 3 T for determining extracapsular extension (ECE) of prostate cancer.


In this IRB-approved study, ERC 3-T MRI of the prostate was performed in 108 patients before radical prostatectomy. T2W fast spin-echo and DCE 3D gradient echo images were acquired. The interpretations of readers with varied experience were analysed. MRI-based staging results were compared with radical prostatectomy histology. Descriptive statistics were generated for prediction of ECE and staging accuracies were determined by the area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve.


The overall sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for ECE were 75 %, 92 %, 79 % and 91 %, respectively. Diagnostic accuracy for staging was 86 %, 80 % and 91 % for all readers, experienced and less experienced readers, respectively.


ERC 3-T MRI of the prostate combining DCE and T2W imaging is an accurate pretherapeutic staging tool for assessment of ECE in clinical practice across varying levels of reader experience.


• Endorectal coil (ERC) magnetic resonance imaging is widely used for imaging prostatic disease. • ERC 3-T MRI is reasonably accurate for local prostate cancer staging. • High diagnostic accuracy is achievable across different levels of reader experience. • MRI facilitates therapeutic decisions in patients with prostate cancer.

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