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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1990 Oct;69(4):1509-17.

Biophysical properties of hypoglossal neurons in vitro: intracellular studies in adult and neonatal rats.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.

Abstract

A brain stem slice preparation from adult and neonatal (less than or equal to 12 days old) rats and intracellular recordings were used to examine the cellular properties of neurons within the hypoglossal (HYP) nucleus. Resting membrane potential (Vm) for adult hypoglossal neurons was -80 +/- 2 (SE) mV. Rheobase was 2.1 +/- 0.4 nA, and input resistance (RN) was 20.8 +/- 1.5 M omega and decreased during the hyperpolarizing period ("sag"). Compared with adult HYP cells, newborn HYP neurons had significantly lower resting potentials (Vm = -73 +/- 2 mV), lower rheobase (0.7 +/- 0.2 nA), and higher RN (27.6 +/- 3.9 M omega). Single action potentials, elicited by short depolarizing-current pulses, were followed by a slow afterhyperpolarization in adult [6.4 +/- 0.3 mV, time constant (tc) 31.0 +/- 1.2 ms] and newborn cells (7.4 +/- 0.2 mV, tc 37.2 +/- 8.2 ms). Prolonged outward current (2 s) produced little spike frequency adaptation in either adult or newborn neurons. Onset of spike activity was not delayed by hyperpolarizing pulses preceding depolarizations. In addition, pharmacological experiments showed that HYP neurons have a tetrodotoxin-sensitive Na+ current and a delayed and an inward rectifier current but no major Ca2+ current. We conclude the following. 1) Electrophysiological membrane properties mature postnatally in HYP neurons; some of these developmental changes can be ascribed to an increase in soma size and dendritic outgrowth but others cannot. 2) Adult HYP neurons, compared with other brain stem neurons (i.e., vagal cells or cells in the nucleus tractus solitarius), are not endowed with major Ca2+ currents or K+ currents such as the A current and the Ca2(+)-activated K+ current.

PMID:
2262474
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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