Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Stem Cell. 2012 Apr 6;10(4):440-54. doi: 10.1016/j.stem.2012.02.016.

Distinct lineage specification roles for NANOG, OCT4, and SOX2 in human embryonic stem cells.

Author information

  • 1Yale Stem Cell Center, Department of Genetics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.

Abstract

Nanog, Oct4, and Sox2 are the core regulators of mouse (m)ESC pluripotency. Although their basic importance in human (h)ESCs has been demonstrated, the mechanistic functions are not well defined. Here, we identify general and cell-line-specific requirements for NANOG, OCT4, and SOX2 in hESCs. We show that OCT4 regulates, and interacts with, the BMP4 pathway to specify four developmental fates. High levels of OCT4 enable self-renewal in the absence of BMP4 but specify mesendoderm in the presence of BMP4. Low levels of OCT4 induce embryonic ectoderm differentiation in the absence of BMP4 but specify extraembryonic lineages in the presence of BMP4. NANOG represses embryonic ectoderm differentiation but has little effect on other lineages, whereas SOX2 and SOX3 are redundant and repress mesendoderm differentiation. Thus, instead of being panrepressors of differentiation, each factor controls specific cell fates. Our study revises the view of how self-renewal is orchestrated in hESCs.

Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22482508
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk