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Head Neck. 2013 Feb;35(2):242-9. doi: 10.1002/hed.22952. Epub 2012 Feb 2.

AlloDerm and DermaMatrix implants for parotidectomy reconstruction: a histologic study in the rat model.

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  • 1Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA. sanjay.m.athavale@vanderbilt.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We analyzed tissue incorporation, immune response, and neovascularization of AlloDerm and DermaMatrix in a rat model of postparotidectomy reconstruction.

METHODS:

In 8 male Sprague-Dawley rats, 3-dimensionally folded AlloDerm implants were placed in the left postparotidectomy bed and 3 in the anterior dorsum as controls. The same was done for DermaMatrix on the right side and posterior dorsum. Two animals were euthanized at 4, 8, and 12 days. A blinded pathologist assessed the degree of fibroblast proliferation, neovascularization, and inflammation.

RESULTS:

When compared with the dorsum, DermaMatrix implants in the parotid bed had significantly higher numbers of inflammatory cells at 8 and 12 days (p = .049 and .0046). AlloDerm acted more consistently between the postparotidectomy bed and dorsum.

CONCLUSIONS:

AlloDerm reacts similarly when comparing the postparotidectomy bed to the dorsum. DermaMatrix induces a more marked inflammatory reaction in the postparotidectomy bed when compared with the dorsum.

Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PMID:
22302682
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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