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J Cancer Surviv. 2012 Jun;6(2):210-8. doi: 10.1007/s11764-011-0212-8. Epub 2012 Jan 5.

Employment experience of cancer survivors 2 years post-diagnosis in the Study of Cancer Survivors-I.

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  • 1Yale School of Public Health, 55 Church Street, Suite 801, New Haven, 06510 CT, USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

A large percentage of cancer survivors are in the workforce and it is important to understand their experiences and challenges in the workplace and work status changes.

METHOD:

We utilized multivariate logistic regression to evaluate sociodemographic, clinical, and psychosocial measures as potential predictors of having at least one negative work-related experience and reporting a reduction in workload among cancer survivors 2 years post-diagnosis in the longitudinal Study of Cancer Survivors-I.

RESULT:

Many cancer survivors (62%) reported having at least one negative work-related experience 2 years post-diagnosis; they were more likely to be male (OR = 1.70, 95% CI = 1.32-2.18), have lower household income (>$80,000 vs. <$20,000; OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.35-0.79), be farther from diagnosis (OR = 1.06, 95% CI = 1.02-1.10), and have deteriorating physical (OR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.94-0.98) and mental (OR = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.92-0.96) health. Among those employed full-time 1 year post-diagnosis, older age (65+ vs. <55; OR = 2.71, 95% CI = 1.18-6.24), negative work-related experiences (2+ vs. 0; OR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.00-3.14), and deteriorating physical (OR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.90-0.95) and mental (OR = 0.97, 95% CI = 0.95-0.99) health were associated with reporting a reduced workload 2 years post-diagnosis.

DISCUSSIONS:

Several sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics were associated with negative work-related experiences and reduced workload in this population of cancer survivors who were working 1 to 2 years post-diagnosis. Additional research is needed to determine if these experiences and predictors are consistent in other cancer survivor populations.

IMPLICATIONS FOR CANCER SURVIVORS:

Being aware that some working cancer survivors may have negative work-related experiences and/or may not maintain full employment in later survivorship years may enable cancer survivors and employers to improve survivors' experiences at work.

PMID:
22215311
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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