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Clin Chest Med. 2011 Dec;32(4):605-44. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2011.09.001.

Lung cancer: epidemiology, etiology, and prevention.

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  • 1Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Section, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, 300 Cedar Street, TAC S441-C, New Haven, CT 06519, USA.


Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States and around the world. A vast majority of lung cancer deaths are attributable to cigarette smoking, and curbing the rates of cigarette smoking is imperative. Understanding the epidemiology and causal factors of lung cancer can provide additional foundation for disease prevention. This article focuses on modifiable risk factors, including tobacco smoking, occupational carcinogens, diet, and ionizing radiation. It also discusses briefly the molecular and genetic aspects of lung carcinogenesis.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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