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Acad Radiol. 2012 Jan;19(1):35-9. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2011.08.018. Epub 2011 Nov 3.

Low-grade bone lesions in survivors of childhood medulloblastoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas and Children's Medical Center, 1935 Medical District Drive, Dallas, TX 75235, USA. korgun.koral@utsouthwestern.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES AND RATIONALE:

Medulloblastoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (MB/PNET) is the most common malignant tumor of the central nervous system (CNS) in children. MB/PNET survivors are at an increased risk for developing second malignancies. Little has been reported on development of low-grade lesions of the calvarium in the radiation field in MB/PNET survivors. The purpose of this study was to assess the frequency of the low-grade bone lesion development in the radiotherapy field in pediatric MB/PNET survivors and describe the imaging characteristics of these lesions.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Institutional review board approval was obtained for this retrospective review which was compliant with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. Forty-one MB/PNET patients (29 male) who survived for at least 2 years after initiation of radiation therapy were included. The medical records were reviewed. The most recent available brain magnetic resonance imaging studies were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Three patients (7.3%) developed low-grade calvarial lesions and underwent resection and/or biopsy of the lesions. There were one Langerhans cell histiocytosis, one benign spindle cell lesion with myxoid change, and one fibrous dysplasia.

CONCLUSION:

Development of low-grade bone lesions of calvarium is not very rare in pediatric PNET/MB survivors. Bones in the radiation therapy field need to be carefully examined for assessment of secondary lesions.

Copyright © 2012 AUR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
22054800
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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