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Diabetologia. 2010 Dec;53(12):2518-25. doi: 10.1007/s00125-010-1886-6. Epub 2010 Sep 4.

Association of glycaemia with lipids in adults with type 1 diabetes: modification by dyslipidaemia medication.

Author information

  • 1Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado Denver, Mail Stop A140, PO Box 6511, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. David.Maahs@ucdenver.edu

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Hyperglycaemia and dyslipidaemia are common metabolic abnormalities in adults with type 1 diabetes and both increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. The hypothesis of this study was that change in HbA(1c) over 6 years would be associated with change in fasting lipids in adults with type 1 diabetes.

METHODS:

The Coronary Artery Calcification in Type 1 Diabetes (CACTI) study examined 652 patients with type 1 diabetes (54% female); 559 and 543 had follow-up visits at 3 and 6 years. Baseline age (mean ± SD) was 37 ± 9 years, diabetes duration 23 ± 9 years, and HbA(1c) 8.0 ± 1.3%. Use of dyslipidaemia medication was 17%, 32%, and 46% at the three visits. Separate longitudinal mixed models were fitted to examine the relationship between change in HbA(1c) and change in fasting total cholesterol (TC), HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c), LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c), log triacylglycerols (TG), and non-HDL-cholesterol (non-HDL-c). Because of an interaction between dyslipidaemia medication use and association of HbA(1c) with lipids, results were stratified by dyslipidaemia medication use.

RESULTS:

Among patients not using dyslipidaemia medication, a higher HbA(1c) was associated with significantly worse levels of the lipids TC, LDL-c, TG and non-HDL-c (per 1% change in HbA1c, TC 0.101 mmol/l, 95% CI 0.050, 0.152; LDL-c 0.103 mmol/l, 95% CI 0.058, 0.148; TG 0.052 mmol/l, 95% CI 0.024, 0.081; and non-HDL-c 0.129 mmol/l, 95% CI 0.078, 0.180) but not HDL-c (-0.20 mmol/l, 95% CI -0.047, 0.007). The associations between HbA(1c) and any lipid outcome among those on dyslipidaemia medication were in the same direction, but attenuated compared with persons not on medication.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

Change in HbA(1c) is significantly associated with change in fasting lipids, but dyslipidaemia medications may be required to optimise lipid and cardiovascular health.

PMID:
20820753
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3405233
Free PMC Article
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