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Am J Kidney Dis. 2010 Nov;56(5):896-906. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2010.05.016.

Relationship between body mass index and proteinuria in hypertensive nephrosclerosis: results from the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) cohort.

Author information

  • 1The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center Dallas, Dallas, TX 75390-8856, USA. robert.toto@utsouthwestern.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Few studies have examined the association between obesity and markers of kidney injury in a chronic kidney disease population. We hypothesized that obesity is independently associated with proteinuria, a marker of chronic kidney disease progression.

STUDY DESIGN:

Observational cross-sectional analysis.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS:

Post hoc analysis of baseline data for 652 participants in the African American Study of Kidney Disease (AASK).

PREDICTORS:

Obesity, determined using body mass index (BMI).

MEASUREMENTS & OUTCOMES:

Urine total protein-creatinine ratio and albumin-creatinine ratio measured in 24-hour urine collections.

RESULTS:

AASK participants had a mean age of 60.2 ± 10.2 years and serum creatinine level of 2.3 ± 1.5 mg/dL; 61.3% were men. Mean BMI was 31.4 ± 7.0 kg/m(2). Approximately 70% of participants had a daily urine total protein excretion rate <300 mg/d. In linear regression analyses adjusted for sex, each 2-kg/m(2) increase in BMI was associated with a 6.7% (95% CI, 3.2-10.4) and 9.4% (95% CI, 4.9-14.1) increase in urine total protein-creatinine and urine albumin-creatinine ratios, respectively. In multivariable models adjusting for age, sex, systolic blood pressure, serum glucose level, uric acid level, and creatinine level, each 2-kg/m(2) increase in BMI was associated with a 3.5% (95% CI, 0.4-6.7) and 5.6% (95% CI, 1.5-9.9) increase in proteinuria and albuminuria, respectively. The interaction between older age and BMI was statistically significant, indicating that this relationship was driven by younger AASK participants.

LIMITATIONS:

May not generalize to other populations; cross-sectional analysis precludes statements regarding causality.

CONCLUSIONS:

BMI is associated independently with urine total protein and albumin excretion in African Americans with hypertensive nephrosclerosis, particularly in younger patients.

Copyright © 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
20801567
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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