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Int J Public Health. 2011 Feb;56(1):111-6. doi: 10.1007/s00038-010-0166-z. Epub 2010 Jul 13.

Differential changes in body mass index after retirement by occupation: hierarchical models.

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  • 1Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This paper examines whether retirement differentially affects body mass index (BMI) patterns by occupation; occupation embodies differences in on-the-job physical demands as well as socioeconomic characteristics that could lead to variation in post-retirement BMI.

METHODS:

We use 12 years of national data from the US and hierarchical linear models to compare BMI trajectories among four broad occupational classes.

RESULTS:

We find that those in service and other blue-collar occupations have significant increases in the slopes of their BMI trajectories after retirement, whereas participants in white-collar occupations exhibit no change. This may be due to differences in the physical requirements across blue and white collar jobs or differences in health habits post-retirement.

CONCLUSIONS:

Retirement may provide an opportunity to help prevent obesity in older individuals, especially blue collar workers.

PMID:
20625792
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3154720
Free PMC Article
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