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Mol Cell Biol. 2010 Jul;30(14):3582-95. doi: 10.1128/MCB.01476-09. Epub 2010 May 17.

MOF and histone H4 acetylation at lysine 16 are critical for DNA damage response and double-strand break repair.

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  • 1Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63108, USA.

Abstract

The human MOF gene encodes a protein that specifically acetylates histone H4 at lysine 16 (H4K16ac). Here we show that reduced levels of H4K16ac correlate with a defective DNA damage response (DDR) and double-strand break (DSB) repair to ionizing radiation (IR). The defect, however, is not due to altered expression of proteins involved in DDR. Abrogation of IR-induced DDR by MOF depletion is inhibited by blocking H4K16ac deacetylation. MOF was found to be associated with the DNA-dependent protein kinase catalytic subunit (DNA-PKcs), a protein involved in nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) repair. ATM-dependent IR-induced phosphorylation of DNA-PKcs was also abrogated in MOF-depleted cells. Our data indicate that MOF depletion greatly decreased DNA double-strand break repair by both NHEJ and homologous recombination (HR). In addition, MOF activity was associated with general chromatin upon DNA damage and colocalized with the synaptonemal complex in male meiocytes. We propose that MOF, through H4K16ac (histone code), has a critical role at multiple stages in the cellular DNA damage response and DSB repair.

PMID:
20479123
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2897562
Free PMC Article

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