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Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2010 Jul;299(1):R215-21. doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00747.2009. Epub 2010 Apr 28.

Endonuclease G does not play an obligatory role in poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-dependent cell death after transient focal cerebral ischemia.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology/Critical Care Medicine, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA.


Activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and subsequent translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor contribute to caspase-independent neuronal injury from N-methyl-d-aspartate, oxygen-glucose deprivation, and ischemic stroke. Some studies have implicated endonuclease G in the DNA fragmentation associated with caspase-independent cell death. Here, we compared wild-type and endonuclease G null mice to investigate whether endonuclease G plays a role in the PARP-dependent injury that results from transient focal cerebral ischemia. Latex casts did not reveal differences in the cerebral arterial distribution territory or posterior communicating arterial diameter, and the decrease in laser-Doppler flux during middle cerebral artery occlusion was similar in wild-type and endonuclease G null mice. After 90 min of occlusion and 1 day of reperfusion, similar degrees of nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor and DNA degradation were evident in male wild-type and null mice. At 3 days of reperfusion, infarct volume and neurological deficit scores were not different between male wild-type and endonuclease G null mice or between female wild-type and endonuclease G null mice. These data demonstrate that endonuclease G is not required for the pathogenesis of transient focal ischemia in either male or female mice. Treatment with a PARP inhibitor decreased infarct volume and deficit scores equivalently in male wild-type and endonuclease G null mice, indicating that the injury in endonuclease G null mice remains dependent on PARP. Thus endonuclease G is not obligatory for executing PARP-dependent injury during ischemic stroke.

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