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Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2010 Oct;25(10):3170-80. doi: 10.1093/ndt/gfq200. Epub 2010 Apr 15.

Autocrine VEGF-VEGF-R loop on podocytes during glomerulonephritis in humans.

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  • 1Division of Nephrology, Medical Clinic III, University of Dresden, Dresden, Germany. bernd.hohenstein@uniklinikum-dresden.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is the most important and tightly regulated angiogenic cytokine in the kidney. Its activity is critical for capillary/glomerular preservation and repair, and recent studies have also demonstrated its relevance for the preservation of podocytes.

METHODS:

The present study investigated a large number (n = 153) of renal biopsies from patients with glomerulonephritis (GN) and evaluated the expression and activity of the glomerular VEGF system [VEGF, VEGF-R1, VEGF-R2 and biologically active VEGF as identified by VEGF-VEGF receptor complexes (VEGF-VEGF-R)] in parallel with markers of renal function, injury and repair.

RESULTS:

Whereas glomerular VEGF expression was clearly elevated, VEGF-R expression levels were widely unchanged. In parallel to the overall VEGF expression, the biological activity of VEGF on its receptors was uniformly significantly enhanced. Interestingly, the expression pattern of VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 significantly changed during GN where a very prominent podocytic pattern appeared, which was also detected for receptor-bound VEGF. VEGF expression and activity could be linked with indicators of renal injury such as glomerular proliferation and creatinine, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study shows, for the first time, increased podocytic VEGF-VEGF-R binding during human GN, suggesting not only the existence of a glomerular paracrine proangiogenic, but also an autocrine role of the VEGF-VEGF-R system in diseased podocytes.

PMID:
20395257
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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