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Cell Host Microbe. 2010 Mar 18;7(3):210-20. doi: 10.1016/j.chom.2010.02.006.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis MycP1 protease plays a dual role in regulation of ESX-1 secretion and virulence.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.

Abstract

Mycobacterium tuberculosis uses the ESX-1 secretion system to deliver virulence proteins during infection of host cells. Here we report a mechanism of posttranscriptional control of ESX-1 mediated by MycP1, a M. tuberculosis serine protease. We show that MycP1 is required for ESX-1 secretion but that, unexpectedly, genetic inactivation of MycP1 protease activity increases secretion of ESX-1 substrates. We demonstrate that EspB, an ESX-1 substrate required for secretion, is a target of MycP1 in vitro and in vivo. During macrophage infection, an inactive MycP1 protease mutant causes hyperactivation of ESX-1-stimulated innate signaling pathways. MycP1 is required for growth in mice during acute infection, while loss of its protease activity leads to attenuated virulence during chronic infection. As the key ESX-1 substrates ESAT-6 and CFP-10 are highly immunogenic, fine-tuning of their secretion by MycP1 may balance virulence and immune detection and be essential for successful maintenance of long-term M. tuberculosis infection.

Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Comment in

  • The two faces of MycP1. [Nat Rev Microbiol. 2010]
PMID:
20227664
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3121311
Free PMC Article

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