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Annu Rev Clin Psychol. 2010;6:365-89. doi: 10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.121208.131220.

Substance use in adolescence and psychosis: clarifying the relationship.

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  • 1Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, De Crespigny Park, SE58A4 London, United Kingdom. emma.barkus@googlemail.com


Adolescence is a time of exploration of the self, and this exploration may involve the use of alcohol and drugs. Sadly, for some, adolescence also marks the first signs of a psychosis. The temporal proximity between the onset of substance use and of psychosis has been the cause of much debate. Here we review the association of alcohol, cannabis, stimulants, and other drugs with psychosis, and we conclude that the use of cannabis and the amphetamines significantly contributes to the risk of psychosis.

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