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Blood Cells. 1991;17(1):193-205; discussion 206-8.

Effects of recombinant murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in cyclophosphamide-treated mice.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06510.

Abstract

To evaluate the efficacy of recombinant murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rGM-CSF) in attenuating the myelosuppression associated with chemotherapy, the effects of 100 and 300 ng rGM-CSF, administered twice daily by intraperitoneal injection for 6 consecutive days to mice 24 hours after a dose of 200 mg/kg cyclophosphamide, were measured. Six days after the initial injection of rGM-CSF, a significant increase occurred in the absolute myeloid count compared to that of vehicle-treated animals. The difference was most pronounced on day 7, attaining levels of 327% and 428% of the control; these increases slowly declined to that of the control level by day 19. No significant effect was produced by rGM-CSF on the packed red cell volume or on the platelet count. Furthermore, the administration of rGM-CSF did not alter bone marrow cellularity or increase the number of marrow-derived hematopoietic stem cells. In contrast, a significant splenomegaly occurred, starting on day 6 and continuing until day 17. This was characterized by a pronounced increase in splenic-derived granulocyte (CFU-G), granulocyte-macrophage (CFU-GM), macrophage (CFU-M), megakaryocyte (CFU-MK), and erythroid (BFU-E, CFU-E) stem cells. The increases occurred between days 6 and 9 following the initial administration of rGM-CSF. These findings indicated that the administration of rGM-CSF to cyclophosphamide-treated animals causes an absolute increase in circulating myeloid cells and that these increases are derived from the spleen. The use of recombinant hematopoietic growth factors may permit the administration of more intensive chemotherapy through amelioration of chemically induced leukopenia.

PMID:
2018856
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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