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J Trauma Stress. 2009 Dec;22(6):575-84. doi: 10.1002/jts.20474.

Testing posttraumatic stress as a mediator of physical, sexual, and psychological intimate partner violence and substance problems among women.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA. tami.sullivan@yale.edu

Abstract

This study examined whether posttraumatic stress specifically resulting from intimate partner violence (IPV-related posttraumatic stress) mediated relationships between types of IPV and drug and alcohol problems among 212 women currently experiencing IPV. Six-month prevalence was high for drug use (48%) and alcohol use (59%). Structural equation modeling revealed that the frequency of physical, sexual, and psychological IPV were significantly and positively related to greater IPV-related posttraumatic stress, and IPV-related posttraumatic stress was significantly and positively related to drug problems. Further, IPV-related posttraumatic stress mediated the relationships between physical IPV and drug problems and psychological IPV and drug problems. Findings suggest that prevention and intervention efforts targeting posttraumatic stress among IPV-exposed women may reduce drug problems in this population.

PMID:
19960546
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3012603
Free PMC Article
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