Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Immunol. 2009 Apr;39(4):965-74. doi: 10.1002/eji.200838990.

The DC-HIL/syndecan-4 pathway inhibits human allogeneic T-cell responses.

Author information

  • 1Department of Dermatology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390-9069, USA.

Abstract

T-cell activation is regulated by binding of ligands on APC to corresponding receptors on T cells. In mice, we discovered that binding of DC-HIL on APC to syndecan-4 (SD-4) on activated T cells potently inhibits T-cell activation. In humans, we now show that DC-HIL also binds to SD-4 on activated T cells through recognition of its heparinase-sensitive saccharide moiety. DC-HIL blocks anti-CD3-induced T-cell responses, reducing secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines and blocking entry into the S phase of the cell cycle. Binding of DC-HIL phosphorylates SD-4's intracellular tyrosine and serine residues. Anti-SD-4 Ab mimics the ability of DC-HIL to attenuate anti-CD3 response more potently than Ab directed against other inhibitory receptors (CTLA-4 or programmed cell death-1). Among leukocytes, DC-HIL is expressed highest by CD14(+) monocytes and this expression can be upregulated markedly by TGF-beta. Among APC, DC-HIL is expressed highest by epidermal Langerhans cells, an immature type of dendritic cells. Finally, the level of DC-HIL expression on CD14(+) monocytes correlates inversely with allostimulatory capacity, such that treatment with TGF-beta reduced this capacity, whereas knocking down the DC-HIL gene augmented it. Our findings indicate that the DC-HIL/SD-4 pathway can be manipulated to treat T-cell-driven disorders in humans.

PMID:
19350579
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2766302
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (5)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk