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Am J Kidney Dis. 2008 Dec;52(6):1042-50. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2008.05.015. Epub 2008 Jul 21.

Presence of de novo mutations in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease patients without family history.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, University of Colorado Denver and Health Sciences Center, Aurora, CO 80014, USA. berenice.gitomer@uchsc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

At the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, on detailed questioning, approximately 10% of patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) gave no family history of ADPKD. There are several explanations for this observation, including occurrence of a de novo pathogenic sequence variant or extreme phenotypic variability. To confirm de novo sequence variants, we have undertaken clinical and genetic screening of affected offspring and their parents.

STUDY DESIGN:

Case series.

SETTING & PARTICIPANTS:

24 patients with a well-documented ADPKD phenotype and no family history of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and both parents of each patient.

OUTCOME:

Presence or absence of PKD1 or PKD2 pathogenic sequence variants in parents of affected offspring.

MEASUREMENTS:

Abdominal ultrasound of affected offspring and their parents for ADPKD diagnosis. Parentage testing by genotyping. Complete screening of PKD1 and PKD2 genes by using genomic DNA from affected offspring; analysis of genomic DNA from both parents to confirm the absence or presence of all DNA variants found.

RESULTS:

A positive diagnosis of ADPKD by means of ultrasound or genetic screening was made in 1 parent of 4 patients (17%). No PKD1 or PKD2 pathogenic sequence variants were identified in 10 patients (42%), whereas possible pathological DNA variants were identified in 4 patients (17%) and 1 of their respective parents. Parentage was confirmed in the remaining 6 patients (25%), and de novo sequence variants were documented.

LIMITATIONS:

Size of patient group. No direct examination of RNA.

CONCLUSION:

Causes other than de novo pathogenic sequence variants may explain the negative family history of ADPKD in certain families.

PMID:
18640754
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2598385
Free PMC Article
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