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Biol Psychiatry. 2008 May 15;63(10):953-62. Epub 2007 Nov 7.

Deficiency in inhibitory cortical interneurons associates with hyperactivity in fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 mutant mice.

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  • 1Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Motor hyperactivity due to hyper-dopaminergic neurotransmission in the basal ganglia is well characterized; much less is known about the role of the neocortex in controlling motor behavior.

METHODS:

Locomotor behavior and motor, associative, and spatial learning were examined in mice with conditional null mutations of fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (Fgfr1) restricted to telencephalic neural precursors (Fgfr1(f/f;hGfapCre)). Locomotor responses to a dopamine agonist (Amphetamine 2 mg/kg and Methylphenidate 10 mg/kg) and antagonists (SCH233390 .025 mg/kg and Haloperidol .2 mg/kg) were assessed. Stereological and morphological characterization of various monoaminergic, excitatory, and inhibitory neuronal subtypes was performed.

RESULTS:

Fgfr1(f/f;hGfapCre) mice have spontaneous locomotor hyperactivity characterized by longer bouts of locomotion and fewer resting points that is significantly reduced by the D1 and D2 receptor antagonists. No differences in dopamine transporter, tyrosine hydroxylase, or serotonin immunostaining were observed in Fgfr1(f/f;hGfapCre) mice. There was no change in cortical pyramidal neurons, but parvalbumin+, somatostatin+, and calbindin+ inhibitory interneurons were reduced in number in the cerebral cortex. The decrease in parvalbumin+ interneurons in cortex correlated with the extent of hyperactivity.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dysfunction in specific inhibitory cortical circuits might account for deficits in behavioral control, providing insights into the neurobiology of psychiatric disorders.

PMID:
17988653
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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