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J Bacteriol. 2007 Jan;189(1):179-86. Epub 2006 Oct 13.

Analysis of the roles of FlgP and FlgQ in flagellar motility of Campylobacter jejuni.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Boulevard, Dallas, TX 75390-9048, USA.

Abstract

Flagellar motility is an important determinant of Campylobacter jejuni that is required for promoting interactions with various hosts to promote gastroenteritis in humans or commensal colonization of many animals. In a previous study, we identified a nonmotile mutant of C. jejuni 81-176 with a transposon insertion in Cj1026c, but verification of the role of the encoded protein in motility was not determined. In this study, we have determined that Cj1026c and the gene immediately downstream, Cj1025c (here annotated as flgP and flgQ, respectively), are both required for motility of C. jejuni but not for flagellar biosynthesis. FlgP and FlgQ are not components of the transcriptional regulatory cascades to activate sigma(28)- or sigma(54)-dependent expression of flagellar genes. In addition, expression of flgP and flgQ is not largely dependent on sigma(28) or sigma(54). Immunblot analyses revealed that the majority of FlgP in C. jejuni is associated with the outer membrane. However, in the absence of FlgQ, the amounts of FlgP in the outer membrane of C. jejuni are greatly reduced, suggesting that FlgQ may be required for localization or stability of FlgP at this location. This study provides insight into features of FlgP and FlgQ, two proteins with previously undefined functions that are required for the larger, multicomponent flagellar system of C. jejuni that is necessary for motility.

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