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Am J Pathol. 2006 Oct;169(4):1294-302.

Tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1beta regulate interleukin-8 expression in third trimester decidual cells: implications for the genesis of chorioamnionitis.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, Yale University School of Medicine, 333 Cedar Street, Room 335 FMB P.O. Box 208063 New Haven, CT. Frederick.Schatz@yale.edu.

Abstract

Chorioamnionitis is associated with intense neutrophil infiltration of the decidua. We therefore determined whether chorioamnionitis enhances decidual interleukin-8 (IL-8) expression and examined cytokine-regulated decidual IL-8 expression. Decidua from chorioamnionitis-complicated pregnancies, but not term controls, displayed marked IL-8 immunohistochemical staining and a dense neutrophil infiltrate. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction of microdissected decidual cells identified IL-8 mRNA, confirming decidual synthesis of IL-8. Confluent leukocyte-free term decidual cells were primed with 10(-8) mol/L estradiol (E2) or E2 + 10(-7) mol/L medroxyprogesterone acetate to mimic the steroidal milieu of pregnancy. Compared with cultures maintained in E2 alone, E2 + medroxyprogesterone acetate neither significantly affected IL-8 levels nor altered the response to the cytokines. The addition of 1.0 ng/ml tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) or interleukin-1 beta (IL-1beta) increased IL-8 secretion levels by 236.6 +/- 51.4- and 1062.6 +/- 254.3-fold, respectively (n = 8, mean +/- SEM, P < 0.05), as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Concentration-response studies revealed that 0.01 ng/ml TNF-alpha and IL-1beta elevated IL-8 output by 10- and 100-fold, respectively. Western blotting confirmed these results, and quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction demonstrated parallel changes in mRNA levels. In conclusion, IL-8 is strongly expressed in term decidua during chorioamnionitis, and TNF-alpha and IL-1beta enhance IL-8 expression in term decidual cells, suggesting that these cytokines are important regulators of chorioamnionitis-related decidual neutrophil infiltration.

PMID:
17003486
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1698845
Free PMC Article
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