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Pediatr Diabetes. 2006 Aug;7(4):205-10.

Elevated fasting triglycerides predict impaired glucose tolerance in adolescents at risk for type 2 diabetes.

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  • 1Division of Adolescent Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO, USA.



The aim of this study was to evaluate whether fasting laboratory values can predict impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in adolescents who are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).


Elevated fasting triglycerides, a marker for worsening insulin resistance, predict risk for IGT.


Following a fast of at least 9 h, laboratory measures, body mass index (BMI), and demographic information were obtained. The subjects then underwent a 75-g oral glucose challenge with a 2-h postchallenge glucose determination.


Eighty-four adolescents aged 12-20 yr with at least two risk factors for developing T2DM (obesity, family history of T2DM, or acanthosis nigricans) and with either a fasting insulin level > or =25 microU/mL or a homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) > or =3.5 were recruited for the study.


Ten subjects (12%) had IGT [2-h glucose > or =140 mg/dL (7.77 mmol/L)], and 10 subjects (12%) had impaired fasting glucose [IFG; fasting glucose > or =100 mg/dL (5.55 mmol/L)]. However, only three (30%) subjects with IGT had IFG, though all subjects with IGT had a fasting triglyceride level > or =150 mg/dL (1.70 mmol/L). Of those subjects with elevated triglycerides, 29% had IGT. As a screening test to predict risk for IGT, elevated triglycerides >150 mg/dL had a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 68%. The positive predictive value was 29%, and the negative predictive value was 100%.


Screening with fasting glucose alone would have missed 70% of subjects with IGT in this population of insulin-resistant adolescents. However, a fasting triglyceride level > or =150 mg/dL was strongly associated with IGT and may help to identify at-risk adolescents who should undergo formal glucose tolerance testing.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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